Primary Risk Assessments Including: Environmental, Pre Training and Active Training

First implemented September 2011.  Revised - March 2014 and for ongoing reference until superseded - by Jo-Sifu. Mark Ringer BA hons PGCE


Environmental Risk Assessment

Is the training area large enough to accommodate the number of students?


Is the area safe from incidental physical hazards i.e. Spillages leaking roof, loose fittings, foreign objects (broken glass, wood, metal) bare electrical wiring etc.



Is the temperature too hot or cold? 


Is the lighting adequate?


Is there a fire risk?





Unauthorised persons entering the training area.


Pre Training Assessment

Horseplay and taking unnecessary risks.


Physical condition of students.








New injuries.


Are student adequately dressed for the activities planned for the lesson?



Injury from jewellery including watches, bracelets and necklaces.

Mobile phones causing distraction.


Students under the influence of alcohol or drugs.



Active Training Assessment

Students colliding with one another.



Horseplay and taking unnecessary risks.




Unauthorised persons/students instructing.


Tiredness / Fatigue.







Repetitive Strain Injury.





Pregnant women



Use of training mats.





Training in bare feet






Training in socks


Injury from cold muscles.



Improper Supervision






Injury from stretching



 As an example of appropriate size; 20 students practicing physical skills require a training area of approximately 70 – 100 sq meters of training area.

Visual inspection of the area, ensuring that all hazards are made safe.  If safety from incidental hazards cannot be rectified training should be either adjusted accordingly or cancelled. Where appropriate, report faults to the venue management. 

Adjust heating and/or ventilation accordingly.

Adjust accordingly.  Report any faults to the venue management.

Ensure the fire exits are clearly marked, accessible and useable.

Ensure that adequate fire extinguishers are provided.

Brief all students on fire escape procedures, including muster point.

An instructor will always be in position to see the door.  One instructor should always engage unknown persons.

Ensure that all students have been briefed on acceptable behaviour.

Ensure that all students are regularly reminded to let instructors know of any relevant physical condition and that they take responsibility for their own decision to train.

Remind students regularly that they should never attempt exercises that cause pain.

If in the instructors opinion an illness or injury creates an increased risk the student should be questioned and if necessary asked not to train.

Students should be made aware that any new injuries should be reported at once and recorded in the accident book.

Provide details of dress requirements prior to training.

Make a visual check of students at the start of all training sessions.

Have all students remove unnecessary items prior to training.

Instruct students to turn mobile phones off or silent during training.

Ensure that all students are aware that no one is allowed to train whilst under the influence of drink or drugs.

Remove affected students from the training immediately.


Ensure that students have adequate room to move.

Instruct students to spread out appropriately.

Ensure that all students are aware of the behaviour requirements.

Immediately stop the training if any student is behaving inappropriately and speak to those concerned in private.

The only people who are to instruct are those authorised to do so by either Jo-Sifu.

Students can become physically and mentally tired during training.  This could be due to a number of factors including lack of physical conditioning, hunger, dehydration.

Continually monitor the group and provide breaks/less energetic drills where necessary.

Any student showing signs of fatigue should be given the chance to rest.

Constant repetition of technique may cause discomfort – especially wrist, elbow, shoulder and knee.

All techniques should be practiced without any excessive pressure.

Monitor how often students are repeating techniques.

Pregnant women should only take part in physical activities having taken advice from their medical practitioner.

Mats move. It is not uncommon for mats to slip out of position creating gaps that can cause injury from trips.

Mat corners can rise creating a risk of tripping.

Mats are not to be used except in exceptional circumstances with advanced students.

This creates an unnecessary risk of injury.  It is not realistic and trains students to perform techniques inaccurately.

Creates an unnecessary personal hygiene issue.

Students are only to train in bare feet when no alternative is available and with their acceptance of the risks.

This creates an unacceptable risk of slipping and is not allowed.

Ensure that all lesson plans include a drill that will allow the warming of appropriate muscles by gentle movement.

Ensure that a suitable ratio of student to qualified instructors is enforced at all times.

This ratio will vary according to the type of training.

E.g. some multi attacker sparring drills will require one instructor to each group training.

Ballistic (bouncing, jerking) movements during static stretches can cause injury to ligaments and joints through hyper extension.  Such static stretching has no statistical benefit in injury reduction and may increase risk.  The only stretching that will be done in training will be that which encourages full joint mobility without unnecessary straining.